Developed by Joachim and Wendy Volhard and reprinted
here with permission of Wendy Volhard. © 1996 Wendy Volhard.
Special thanks to Betty Bradley for contacting Wendy and getting
permission to make this available.
puppy (color, sex) ________________ litter ______________________
Place puppy in test area. From a few
feet away the tester coaxes the pup
to her/him by clapping hands gently
and kneeling down. Tester must coax in
a direction away from the point where it
entered the testing area.
|Degree of social
|-Came readily, tail up, jumped, bit at hands.
-Came readily, tail up, pawed, licked at hands.
-Came readily, tail up.
-Came readily, tail down
-Came hesitantly, tail down.
-Didn’t come at all.
Stand up and walk away from the
pup in a normal manner. Make sure
the pup sees you walk away.
|Degree of following
|-Followed readily, tail up, got underfoot
bit at feet.
-Followed readily, tail up, got underfoot.
-Followed readily, tail up
-Followed readily, tail down.
-Followed hesitantly, tail down.
-No follow or went away.
Crouch down and gently roll the pup
on his back and hold it with one
hand for a full 30 seconds.
|Degree of dominant or
How it accepts stress
|-Struggled fiercely, flailed, bit.
-Struggled fiercely, flailed.
-Settled, struggled, settled with some
-Struggled then settled.
-No struggle, straining to avoid eye contact.
Let pup standup and gently stroke
him from the head to back while
you crouch beside him.
Continue stroking until a
recognizable behavior is established.
|Degree of acceptance
of social dominance.
Pup may try to
dominate by jumping
and nipping or is
independent and walks
|-Jumped, pawed, bit, growled.
-Cuddles up to testor and tries to lick
-Squirmed, licked at hands.
-Rolled over, licked at hands.
-Went away and stayed away.
Bend over and cradle the pup under
its belly, fingers interlaced, palms
up and elevate it just off the ground.
Hold it there for 30 seconds.
|Degree of accepting
dominance while in
position of no control.
|-Struggled fiercely, bit, growled.
-No struggle, relaxed
-Struggled, settled, licked
-No struggle, licked at hands.
-No struggle, froze.
© 1996 Wendy Volhard; reprinted
here with permission
Crouch beside pup and attract
his attention with crumpled up
paper ball. When the pup shows
interest and is watching, toss the
object 4-6 feet in front of pup.
|Degree of willingness
to work with a human.
between ability to
retrieve and successful
guide dogs, obedience
dogs, field trial dogs.
|-Chases object, picks up object and
-Chases object, stands over object,
does not return.
-Chases object and returns with object
-Chases object and returns without
object to testor.
-Starts to chase object, loses interest.
-Does not chase object.
*Do NOT use fingernail.
|Degree of sensitivity to
|8-10 counts before response.
6-7 counts before response.
5-6 counts before response.
2-4 counts before response.
1-2 counts before response.
Place pup in the center of area,
testor or assistant makes a sharp
noise a few feet from the puppy.
A large metal spoon struck
sharply on a metal pan twice
|Degree of sensitivity to
sound. (Also can be a
rudimentary test for
|-Listens, locates sound, walks toward
-Listens, locates sound, barks.
-Listens, locates sound, shows
curiosity and walks toward sound.
-Listens, locates the sound.
-Cringes, backs off, hides.
-Ignores sound, shows no curiosity.
Place pup in center of room. Tie
a string around a large towel and
jerk it across the floor a few feet
away from puppy.
|Degree of intelligent
response to strange
|-Looks, attacks and bites.
-Looks, barks and tail up.
-Looks curiously, attempts to
-Looks, barks, tail-tuck.
-Runs away, hides.
(see diagram below)
|Degree of structural
structure is necessary.
|-The puppy is correct in structure.
-The puppy has a slight fault or
-The puppy has an extreme fault or
- Mostly 1′s A puppy that consistently scores
a 1 in the temperament section of the test is an extremely dominant,
aggressive puppy who can easily be provoked to bite. His dominant
nature will attempt to resist human leadership, thus requiring
only the most experienced of handlers. This puppy is a poor choice
for most individuals and will do best in a working situation
as a guard or police dog.
- Mostly 2′s This pup is dominant and self-assured.
He can be provoked to bite; however he readily accepts human
leadership that is firm, consistent and knowledgeable. This is
not a dog for a tentative, indecisive individual. In the right
hands, he has the potential to become a fine working or show
dog and could fit into an adult household, provided the owners
know what they are doing.
- Mostly 3′s This pup is outgoing and friendly
and will adjust well in situations in which he receives regular
training and exercise. He has a flexible temperament that adapts
well to different types of environment, provided he is handled
correctly. May be too much dog for a family with small children
or an elderly couple who are sedentary.
- Mostly 4′s A pup that scores a majority of
4′s is an easily controlled, adaptable puppy whose submissive
nature will make him continually look to his master for leadership.
This pup is easy to train, reliable with kids, and, though he
lacks self-confidence, makes a high-quality familly pet. He is
usually less outgoing than a pup scoring in the 3′s, but his
demeanor is gentle and affectionate.
- Mostly 5′s This is a pup who is extremely submissive
and lacking in self-confidence. He bonds very closely with his
owner and requires regular companionship and encouragement to
bring him out of himself. If handled incorrectly, this pup will
grow up very shy and fearful. For this reason, he will do best
in a predictable, structured lifestyle with owners who are patient
and not overly demanding, such as an elderly couple.
- Mostly 6′s A puppy that scores 6 consistntly
is independent and uninterested in people. He will mature into
a dog who is not demonstrably affectionate and who has a low
need for human companionship. In general, it is rare to see properly
socialized pups test this way; however there are several breeds
that have been bred for specific tasks (such as basenjis, hounds,
and some northern breeds) which can exhibit this level of independence.
To perform as intended, these dogs require a singularity of purpose
that is not compromised by strong attachments to their owner.
The remainder of the puppy test is an evaluation of obedience
aptitude and working ability and provides a general picture of
a pup’s intelligence, spirit, and willingness to work with a human
being. For most owners, a good companion dog will score in the
3 to 4 range in this section of the test. Puppies scoring a combination
of 1′s and 2′s require experienced handlers who will be able to
draw the best aspects of their potential from them.
Important note from Wendy Volhard…regarding the Touch Sensitivity
test - Do not use your fingernail when performing this test.
Press between the finger and thumb lightly then more firmly until
you get a response.